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Orthopedics, or orthopedic services, is the medical specialty that involves the treatment of the musculoskeletal system, which is made up of your body’s bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

Bone problems may include:

  • Bone deformities
  • Bone infections
  • Bone problems may include:
  • Bone tumors
  • Fractures
  • Need for amputation
  • Nonunions and malunions
  • Spinal deformities

Joint problems may include:

  • Arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Dislocation
  • Joint Pain
  • Joint swelling
  • Ligament tears

Common orthopedic-related diagnoses based on body part:

  • Ankle and foot
    • Bunions
    • Fascitis
    • Foot and ankle deformities
    • Fractures
    • Hammer toe
    • Heel pain
    • Heel spurs
    • Joint pain and arthritis
    • Sprains
    • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
    • Sesamoiditis
  • Hand and wrist
    • Fractures
    • Joint pain
    • Arthritis
    • Tendon or ligament injury
    • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    • Ganglion cyst
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis
    • Tendinitis
  • Shoulder
    • Arthritis
    • Bursitis
    • Dislocation
    • Frozen shoulder
    • Impingement syndrome
    • Loose or foreign bodies
    • Rotator cuff tear
    • Rotator Cuff Tendinitis
    • Separation
    • Torn labrum
    • SLAP tears
  • Knee
    • Cartilage and meniscus injuries
    • Dislocation of the kneecap (patella)
    • Ligament sprains or tears (anterior cruciate, posterior cruciate, medial collateral and lateral collateral ligament tears)
    • Loose or foreign bodies
    • Osgood-Schlatter Disease
    • Pain
    • Tendinitis
  • Elbow
    • Arthritis
    • Bursitis
    • Dislocation or separation
    • Ligament sprains or tears
    • Loose or foreign bodies
    • Pain
    • Tennis or golfers elbow
    • Elbow stiffness or contractures

SERVICES AND TREATMENTS

Imaging procedures can help diagnose or even treat many orthopedic conditions. Your health care provider may order:

  • Bone scans
  • Discography
  • X-rays

Sometimes, treatment involves injections of medicine into the painful area. This may involve:

  • Corticosteroid injections into joints, tendons and ligaments, and around the spine
  • Hyaluronic acid injection to help relieve arthritis pain

Surgical procedures used in the treatment of orthopedics include:

  • Amputation
  • Arthroscopic surgeries
  • Bunionectomy and hammer toe repair
  • Cartilage repair or resurfacing procedures
  • Cartilage surgery to knee
  • Fracture care
  • Joint replacement (arthroplasty)
  • Ligament reconstructions
  • Repair of torn ligaments and tendons
  • Spine surgery, including diskectomy, foraminotomy, laminectomy, and spinal fusion

Newer orthopedic services procedures include minimally invasive surgery techniques, advanced external fixation, and the use of bone graft substitutes and bone-fusing protein